Intestinal disaccharidase activity in patients with autism: effect of age, gender, and intestinal inflammation.

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Intestinal disaccharidase activity in patients with autism: effect of age, gender, and intestinal inflammation.

AuthorsKushak RI, et al. Show all Journal
Autism. 2011 May;15(3):285-94. Epub 2011 Mar 17.

Affiliation
Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. kushak.rafail@mgh.harvard.edu

Abstract
Intestinal disaccharidase activities were measured in 199 individuals with autism to determine the frequency of enzyme deficiency. All patients had duodenal biopsies that were evaluated morphologically and assayed for lactase, sucrase, and maltase activity. Frequency of lactase deficiency was 58% in autistic children ≤ 5 years old and 65% in older patients. As would be expected, patients with autism at age 5 > years demonstrated significant decline in lactase activity (24%, p = .02) in comparison with ≤ 5 years old autistic patients. Boys ≤ 5 years old with autism had 1.7 fold lower lactase activity than girls with autism (p = .02). Only 6% of autistic patients had intestinal inflammation. Lactase deficiency not associated with intestinal inflammation or injury is common in autistic children and may contribute to abdominal discomfort, pain and observed aberrant behavior. Most autistic children with lactose intolerance are not identified by clinical history.

PMID 21415091 [PubMed – in process]

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